In this chapter, the crystal structures of sulfides and related chalcogenide compounds (involving Se, Te, As and Sb as well as S) are reviewed with emphasis on mineral phases but with some discussion of related synthetic compounds. Before presenting a systematic account of the principal families, relevant crystal chemical concepts are discussed, and structural classification schemes for these phases are reviewed.

Chalcogens differ from oxygen by their moderate electronegativity. The Pauling electronegativity of oxygen is 3.44, whereas that of S is 2.58, Se 2.55, and Te 2.1 (Emsley 1994). The Shannon crystal radius of O2− is 1.40...

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