The current state of understanding of the lunar interior is the sum of nearly four decades of work and a range of exploration programs spanning that same time period. Missions of the 1960s including the Rangers, Surveyors, and Lunar Orbiters, as well as Earth-based telescopic studies, laid the groundwork for the Apollo program and provided a basic understanding of the surface, its stratigraphy, and chronology. Through a combination of remote sensing, surface exploration, and sample return, the Apollo missions provided a general picture of the lunar interior and spawned the concept of the lunar magma ocean. In particular, the discovery...
The Constitution and Structure of the Lunar Interior
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Mark A. Wieczorek, Bradley L. Jolliff, Amir Khan, Matthew E. Pritchard, Benjamin P. Weiss, James G. Williams, Lon L. Hood, Kevin Righter, Clive R. Neal, Charles K. Shearer, I. Stewart McCallum, Stephanie Tompkins, B. Ray Hawke, Chris Peterson, Jeffrey J. Gillis, Ben Bussey; The Constitution and Structure of the Lunar Interior. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry ; 60 (1): 221–364. doi: https://doi.org/10.2138/rmg.2006.60.3
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