Epidote-group minerals rich in rare earth elements (REE), in particular allanite, are common accessory phases in igneous, metamorphic, metasomatic, and sedimentary rocks. Small amounts of REE are present in most epidote-group minerals, but in allanite—and the related minerals dissakisite, ferriallanite, dollaseite, khristovite and androsite—the REE are essential structural constituents. An important characteristic of REE-rich epidote-group minerals is that their octahedrally coordinated M sites contain major amounts of divalent cations. This paper summarizes literature data for these minerals and discusses their chemistry, occurrence, phase relations, and petrologic and geologic significance. The chapter emphasizes allanite, because it is the most common and...

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