Epidote minerals—the monoclinic epidote group minerals together with the orthorhombic polymorph zoisite—are important Ca-Al-silicates in many metabasites, metapelites and metacherts that are characterized by high P/T ratios. Such high P/T ratios are typical for subduction zones and the high-pressure (HP) and ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) metamorphism during continent-continent collisions (e.g., Liou 1973, 1993). All of these P-T conditions can be described by geothermal gradients between 5 and 20°C/km, that therefore provide a rough framework for the P-T conditions covered by this review (Fig. 11). Depending on the actual thermal structure of a subduction zone,...

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