The global carbon cycle is strongly perturbed by fossil fuel burning leading to atmospheric CO2 increase. Climatic warming followed by polar ice melting and global sea level rise are predicted due to the greenhouse effect of increasing CO2 in the atmosphere (Houghton et al. 1995). The ocean plays a major role in neutralizing the excess CO2 because the amount of inorganic carbon available for exchange with the atmosphere in the ocean is approximately 50–60 times larger than in the atmosphere (e.g., Siegenthaler and Sarmiento 1993). The bulk of the atmospheric CO2 excess will...

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