The uranium and thorium decay series (hereafter “U-series”) include the nuclides of ten elements, all of which can be found at trace levels in rocks and minerals. The relatively short half-lives of the U-series nuclides give them considerable potential to decipher a wide variety of natural processes. The common observation of secular radioactive disequilibrium between parent and daughter nuclides provides a time dimension that is not possible with the more commonly used trace elements. However, just like conventional trace elements, the behavior of U-series elements depends on their partitioning between coexisting phases, such as minerals and melts. Interpreting radioactive disequilibrium...

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