Convergent margins (oceanic and continental arcs) form one of the Earth’s key mass transfer locations, being sites where melting and transfer of new material to the Earth’s crust occurs and also where crustal materials, including water, are recycled back into the mantle. Volcanism in this tectonic setting constitutes ~15% (0.4–0.6 km3/yr) of the total global output (Crisp 1984) and the composition of the erupted magmas is, on average, similar to that of the continental crust (Taylor and McLennan 1981). Moreover, many arc volcanoes have been responsible for the most hazardous, historic volcanic eruptions. Yet,...

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