Beryllium is not a very abundant element in the Earth, but, being an incompatible element in common rock-forming silicate minerals, it is susceptible to concentration via fractionation in geochemical processes. Moreover, its properties are such that Be does not tend to show extensive solid-solution with other elements, and hence usually forms minerals in which it is a discrete and essential constituent. Beryllium (atomic number 4) has the ground-state electronic structure [He]2s2 and is the first of the group IIA elements of the periodic table (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra). The first (899 kJ/mol) and second (1757 kJ/mol)...

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