The availability of synchrotron radiation (SR) to the scientific community has literally revolutionized the way X-ray science is done in many disciplines, including low temperature geochemistry and environmental science. The key reason is that SR provides continuum vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and X-ray radiation five to ten orders of magnitude brighter than that from standard sealed or rotating anode X-ray tubes (Winick 1987; Altarelli et al. 1998). Although SR was first observed indirectly by John Blewitt in 1945 (Blewitt 1946) and directly by Floyd Haber in 1946 at the General Electric 100-MeV Betatron in Schenectady, NY...

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