This chapter focuses on phosphates that are significant in metamorphic rocks. A quick survey of phosphate mineral descriptions at a commercial mineral web-site revealed over 500 phosphate mineral names. Remarkably, only three are common in metamorphic rocks: apatite, monazite, and xenotime, and this chapter is restricted to discussion of these minerals.

Apatite, monazite, and, to a lesser extent, xenotime, have enjoyed intensive study during the previous half-century. Following World War II, considerable study was made of minerals that contain fissionable materials, and the sometimes large concentrations of U and Th in monazite culminated in a number of seminal papers on...

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