The apatite-group minerals of the general formula, M10(ZO4)6X2 (M = Ca, Sr, Pb, Na…, Z = P, As, Si, V…, and X = F, OH, Cl…), are remarkably tolerant to structural distortion and chemical substitution, and consequently are extremely diverse in composition (e.g., Kreidler and Hummel 1970; McConnell 1973; Roy et al. 1978; Elliott 1994). Of particular interest is that a number of important geological, environmental/paleoenvironmental, and technological applications of the apatite-group minerals are directly linked to their chemical compositions. It is therefore fundamentally important to understand the substitution...

First Page Preview

First page PDF preview
You do not currently have access to this article.