Phosphorus was discovered in 1669 by Hennig Brand. The word phosphorus originates from the two Greek words phôs, meaning light, and phoros, meaning bearer, due to the phosphorescent nature of white phosphorus. Phosphorus is the tenth most abundant element on Earth and tends to be concentrated in igneous rocks. It is an incompatible element in common rock-forming minerals, and hence is susceptible to concentration via fractionation in geochemical processes. It reaches its highest abundance in sedimentary rocks: the major constituents of phosphorite are the minerals of the apatite group. Phosphorus is the second most abundant inorganic element in...

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