As illustrated by the broad range of topics presented in this volume, the mineral apatite, Ca5(PO4)3(F,OH,Cl), is of importance in a greater variety of fields than virtually any other mineral. It is of particular significance in Earth science, life science, and material science; the foundation of this significance is the apatite atomic arrangement.

Apatite is the most abundant naturally occurring phosphate on Earth. Consequently, it is the major source of phosphorous, both as an ore and the base of the global phosphorous cycle. As the major ore mineral of phosphorous, apatite is critical for...

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