We detail here the general concepts behind using noble gases as a tracer of crustal fluid processes and illustrate these concepts with examples applied to oil-gas-ground-water systems, mineralizing fluids, hydrothermal systems and ancient ground-waters. Many of the concepts and processes discussed here are also directly applicable to the study of young ground and surface-water systems (Kipfer et al. 2002, this volume).

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Noble gases in the Earth are broadly derived from two sources; noble gases trapped during the accretionary process (often called ‘primitive’, ‘juvenile’ or ‘primordial’ noble gases), and those generated by radioactive processes (e.g., Ballentine and Burnard 2002...

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