The proliferation of stable isotope laboratories in recent years has led to a marked increase in the routine use of stable isotope analyses in geochemical studies. This trend is likely to continue because of the development of micro-analytical techniques (e.g. laser ablation, ion microprobe, femtomole-carrier gas methods, etc.) for stable isotope analysis and the potential of these techniques to reveal the detailed sequence of thermal and fluid histories preserved in the rock record (see McKibben et al. 1998). Equilibrium isotope fractionation factors and rates of isotopic exchange form the cornerstones for the interpretation of stable isotope data from natural...

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