Determination of accurate temperatures for geological events has been the grail of stable isotope geochemistry since the seminal 1947 paper by Urey. In theory, this should be simple. Calibrated mineral pairs are common, analysis is rapid, and there is no significant pressure correction. However, in spite of widespread application, the promise of reliable thermometry has been elusive. Stable isotope temperatures in metamorphic and igneous rocks are often controversial; is the fractionation between two phases a thermometer, speedometer (rate dependant), hygrometer (P(H2O)-dependant), or chimera? A number of factors have contributed to this uncertainty including: incomplete and sometimes conflicting calibration...

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