The development of apparatus to maintain materials at high hydrostatic pressure has been an active area of research for many years. From the pioneering work of Bridgman, during the early part of this century (Bridgman 1971), until the late 1960s, massive hydraulicly driven Bridgman-anvil and piston-cylinder devices dominated high-pressure science. Although there were later improvements in design, such as multi-anvil devices, it was not until the advent of the gasketed diamond-anvil cell, in the mid 1960s, that high-pressure studies were possible in non-specialized laboratories. Diamond has remarkable properties; not only is it the hardest known material it is...

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