Hydrogen is the simplest and most abundant element in the universe. It is the third most abundant element on the surface of the planet. Studies and interpretation of the spectroscopic properties of hydrogen, and those of its isotopes, have been intertwined with the development of experimental and theoretical physics and chemistry. It is now realized that hydrogen forms more chemical compounds than any other element, including carbon, and a survey of its chemistry would encompass the whole periodic table. In mineralogy hydrogen is also ubiquitous. The range of minerals capable of hosting hydrogen range from ice to nominally anhydrous silicate...

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