Abstract

An equilibrium mixture of monoclinic pyrrhotite and pyrite was synthesized in the eutectic AlCl3-KCl melt at 525 K. The reaction 7FeS2(cr) + 12Ag(cr) = 8Fe0.875S(cr) + 6Ag2S(cr) was studied by an electromotive force technique in an all-solid-state electrochemical cell with an Ag+-conductive solid electrolyte in Ar at atmospheric pressure: (−) Pt | Ag | AgI | Ag2S, Fe0.875S, FeS2 | Pt (+). In the 490–565 K temperature range a linear electromotive force vs. temperature trend was obtained from which the temperature dependence of the sulfur fugacity was determined for the monoclinic pyrrhotite-pyrite equilibrium: logfS2(mpo+py) = 14.079 – 14406·T−1, (500 < T/K < 565). In addition, standard thermodynamic functions were calculated for monoclinic pyrrhotite Fe0.875S at 298 K and atmospheric pressure: ΔGf(mpo, 298.15 K) = −(136 200 ± 3000) J/mol, S°(mpo, 298.15 K) = (66.7 ± 1.3) J/(mol·K), ΔHf(mpo, 298.15 K) = −(157 400 ± 3000) J/mol. Gaseous sulfur, S2—ideal gas at 1 bar (105 Pa) pressure—was taken as a standard state for sulfur.

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