Abstract

A new cubic perovskite polymorph of PbGeO3 (Phase II) was synthesized by laser heating in the diamond-anvil cell (DAC) at the pressure of 36 GPa. Fitting the Birch-Murnaghan equation of state against its observed P-V data yields a bulk modulus K0 of 196(6) GPa and the volume V0 of 56.70(13) Å3 when K0′ is assumed being 4. After the pressure is released, the PbGeO3 Phase II changes gradually into an amorphous phase, which contains mainly fourfold-coordinated germanium. It indicates that the PbGeO3 Phase II with a GeO6 octahedron framework transforms to a GeO4 tetrahedron network during the amorphization. The existence of PbGeO3 cubic perovskite Phase II at high pressures indicates that the polarized character of the Pb2+ ion induced by its 6s2 lone pair electrons would be totally reduced in the environment of major silicate perovskites inside the lower mantle, and thus the Pb atom would substitute the Ca atom to enter the CaSiO3 perovskite.

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