A multi-analytical approach using electron microprobe analysis, X-ray structural refinement, and polarized single-crystal Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to characterize short-range and long-range structures of a Pb2+-bearing, Mn3+-rich pargasite. Site populations, derived from the results of site-scattering refinement and stereochemical analysis, demonstrate that Pb2+ is strongly ordered at the A-site in the monoclinic C2/m amphibole structure. This finding is in agreement with the observed ordering of Pb2+ in the rare Pb2+-bearing P2/a amphibole joesmithite, but is in contrast to a Pb2+ preference for the M4 site suggested by some studies on element partitioning between C2/m amphiboles and melts. Mn3+ is strongly ordered at the M2 site in structure of the present amphibole. Contrasting results obtained for mean M2-O bond lengths and reported local Mn3+-O bond lengths as well as between bond-length distortion of the mean M2 polyhedron and the local Mn3+-centered M2O6 octahedron in pargasite indicates that the structural relaxation of this polyhedron is complete or nearly so.

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