Polezhaevaite-(Ce) NaSrCeF6 is a new member of the gagarinite mineral group [hexagonal, P63/m, a = 6.207(7) Å, c = 3.801(9) Å, V = 126.8(2) Å3, Z = 1]. It is found in a natrolitized microcline-aegirine-sodalite lens within apatite-rich urtite at Mt. Koashva (Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia) in association with àegirine, albite, arfvedsonite, astrophyllite, burbankite, catapleiite, chlorbartonite, djerfisherite, elpasolite, fluorapatite, fluorite, galena, hydroxylapatite, ilmenite, lamprophyllite, lorenzenite, leucophanite, microcline, natrolite, nepheline, orickite, pectolite, pyrochlore, sodalite, sphalerite, strontiofluorite, tainiolite, titanite, vinogradovite, and villiaumite. Polezhaevaite-(Ce) occurs as parallel and sheaf-like aggregates of extremely thin fibers (up to 1 mm long and <1 μm thick), which fill leaching voids within burbankite crystals in natrolite and mantles around partially dissolved burbankite crystals in intimate association with strontiofluorite. Polezhaevaite-(Ce) is translucent (transparent in separate fibers), snowy-white, with a silky luster (in aggregates) and a white streak. Cleavage is not observed; fracture is splintery (in aggregates). The Mohs hardness of individual crystals could not be determined and approaches 3 in aggregates. In transmitted light, the mineral is colorless, uniaxial positive: ε = 1.497(5), ω = 1.490(5) (for λ = 589 nm). Dcalc = 4.646 g/cm3, Dmeas = >4.2 g/cm−3. The mean chemical composition determined by electron microprobe is (wt%): Na 5.27, Ca 3.08, Sr 29.72, Ba 0.48, La 11.76, Ce 14.12, Pr 0.49, Nd 3.09, F 31.95, total 99.96. Empirical formula calculated on the basis of F = 6 apfu is: (Na0.82Ca0.18)∑=1.00(Sr1.21Ce0.36La0.30Ca0.09 Nd0.08Ba0.01)∑=2.06F6 (charge imbalance is +0.05). Its simplified formula is NaSrCeF6. The strongest X-ray powder-diffraction lines [d in Å, (I), (hkl)] are: 5.416(40)(100), 3.120(100)(101, 110), 2.198(70)(201), 1.796(90)(121, 211, 300, 102), 1.554(30)(220), 1.173(70)(321, 231, 140, 410,132, 312, 113). The mineral is named in honor of Lyudmila Ivanovna Polezhaeva (b. 1935), a Russian expert in electron microprobe analysis of minerals for her contribution to the mineralogy of alkaline rocks.