There are four ways by which OH commonly substitutes into olivine, namely those associated with (1) Si vacancies, (2) Mg vacancies, (3) Ti, or (4) trivalent cations. The four mechanisms, which we label [Si], [Mg], [Ti], and [triv], respectively, may each be fingerprinted by their characteristic O-H stretching modes in the infrared spectrum. We show by comparing the integrated intensities of these characteristic infrared peaks against total water content analyzed by secondary ion mass spectrometry, obtained for a suite of synthetic olivines plus one natural olivine, that the different substitution mechanisms require different absorption coefficients (k). For [Ti], we find k = 0.18 ± 0.07, identical to the value previously obtained from natural olivines in which the water was mainly associated with [Ti] defects. Values of k for [Si] and [triv] are 0.57 ± 0.04 and 0.18 ± 0.05, respectively; that for [Mg] is too small to be accurately determined (0.03 ± 0.03). The values of k for [Ti] and [Si] defects differ by a factor of three even though their average wavenumbers are virtually the same. The [Ti] and [triv] defects, on the other hand, have very similar absorption coefficients at significantly different wavenumbers. This highlights the inadequacy of using wavenumber-dependent calibrations for olivine and presumably for NAMs in general. Different substitution mechanisms have their own crystallographic environments that determine their absorption coefficients. The large variation in absorption coefficients within a single mineral emphasizes the importance of distinguishing the substitution mechanism if meaningful quantitative results are to be obtained from infrared spectroscopy.

You do not currently have access to this article.