The 10 Å phase is a high-pressure hydrous magnesium silicate whose composition appears to depend on synthesis conditions. We have measured the compressibility to 10.5 GPa and thermal expansivity to 400 °C of samples of 10 Å phase synthesized in long experiments (400 and 169 h, respectively) designed to maximize compositional equilibrium. The structure was refined using a metrically trigonal unit cell. Compression is highly anisotropic, especially over the first 2 GPa of compression, indicating weak bonding across the interlayer. There is an inflection in the compression curve of c at 8 GPa, suggesting a change in compression mechanism or the onset of non-hydrostaticity in the pressure medium. Fitting the compression data collected below 8 GPa to a Murnaghan equation-of-state gives V0 = 734.8(7) Å3, K0 = 25(1) GPa, K′ = 18(1). Thermal expansion is also strongly anisotropic: coefficients for data up to 200 °C are αa = 0.15(5) × 10−5 K−1, αc = 3.1(2) × 10−5 K−1, αV = 3.4(2) × 10−5 K−1. Above 200 °C, the expansivity of c decreased, and all parameters showed a contraction after the experiment, suggesting partial dehydration at high temperatures. Comparison of our compressibility data with those of previous studies suggests that 10 Å phase synthesized in short experiments does not retain all of its interlayer H2O during quenching and decompression. In contrast, samples annealed for many hours at high pressure and temperature are stabilized by small amounts of hydrogarnet-type substitution and consequent hydrogen bond strengthening.