The crystal-structures of seven synthetic pyroxenes along the jadeite–hedenbergite (Jd57Hd43, Jd26Hd74, Jd0Hd100) and jadeite–aegirine (Jd100Ae0, Jd76Ae24, Jd35Ae65, Jd0Ae100) joins were refined using data collected by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction (space group C2/c, R between 2.2 and 3.4%).

The M2 and M1 polyhedral volumes and bond lengths increase with increasing aegirine and heden-bergite content, moreover the Ca for Na substitution along the jadeite–hedenbergite join changes the M2 coordination from 6 + 2 to 4 + 4, with remarkable tilting of the tetrahedral chains. The value of the displacement parameters follows the trend UeqM2 > UeqO2 > UeqO3 > UeqO1 > UeqM1 ≈ UeqT for all samples belonging to the jadeite–aegirine join and for pure hedenbergite; in contrast,, for pyroxenes with intermediate compositions between hedenbergite and jadeite the trend is UeqO1 > UeqO2 > UeqM2 > UeqO3 > UeqM1 ≈ UeqT, with O1 and O2 having anomalously large displacement parameters, probably due to different local structural configuration around the cations with different size and charge.

Cation substitution at the M1 site of Na-pyroxenes gives rise to a different structural deformation with respect of the double substitution at both the M1 and M2 sites in (Na,Ca)(M3+,M2+)Si2O6 pyroxenes as the rigid tetrahedral chains try to accommodate both the increasing size of the M1 site and the different coordination requirement of the M2 site.

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