Rhombohedral (9R) and hexagonal (6H) perovskites in BaSiO3 were observed by using in-situ X-ray diffraction methods in high-pressure conditions. The 9R perovskite was found after successive laser heating at 27.9 GPa, and the 6H phase was identified at 48.5 GPa after laser annealing. No intermediate phase between the 9R and 6H phases was found in the pressure range between 27.9 and 48.5 GPa. These phases could not be recovered during decompression at room temperature and became amorphous at ambient pressure. The 9R and 6H structures are characterized by the periodicity of the stacking sequence of edge- and corner-sharing SiO6 octahedra. In terms of the length of the O-O distance, the face-sharing SiO6 octahedron in BaSiO3 perovskite is the most distorted among oxide hexagonal perovskites.

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