Abstract

Stornesite-(Y), end-member formula Y□2Na6(Ca5Na3)Mg43(PO4)36, is a new Y-dominant analog of the meteoritic mineral chladniite. A representative electron microprobe analysis is SiO2 = 0.02, P2O5 = 48.11, SO3 = 0.05, MgO = 23.16, MnO = 0.24, FeO = 15.55, Na2O = 5.04, CaO = 5.66, SrO = 0.02, Y2O3 = 1.43, Yb2O3 = 0.24, UO2 = 0.01, Sum = 99.53 wt%, which gives Y0.68Yb0.06Na8.69Ca5.40Sr0.01Mg30.71Fe11.56 Mn0.18Si0.02S0.04P36.22O144. Overall, Y + REE range from 0.542 to 0.985 atoms per formula, and atomic Mg/(Mg + Fe) ratio from 0.684 to 0.749. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction gives trigonal symmetry, R3̅, a = 14.9628(27) Å, c = 42.756(11) Å, V = 8290(4) Å3, calculated density = 3.196 g/cm3, Z = 3. The mineral is isostructural with synthetic chladniite, but the (0, 0, 0) site is dominantly occupied by Y instead of Ca. Bond lengths are considerably shorter than for Ca sites; Y and Yb are fully ordered at this site, which is our rationale for recognizing stornesite-(Y) as a distinct species. The strongest lines in the powder pattern [d in Å, (I), (hkl)] are 3.67 (40) (0 3 6, 3 0 6), 3.52 (40) (0 0 12, 3 1 2, 1 3 2̅), 2.94 (60) (0 1 14, 3 2 2̅, 2 3 2), 2.73 (100) (2 0 14, 0 3 12, 3 0 12), 1.84 (40) (1 5 14, 5 1 1̅4̅, 0 6 12, 6 0 12). The mineral is optically uniaxial +, nω = 1.6215(10) and nε = 1.6250(10) at 589 nm. Its color is pale yellow in standard thin sections. Stornesite-(Y) is found as inclusions in fluorapatite nodules in two paragneiss specimens from Johnston Fjord, Stornes Peninsula (whence the name) and in a third from Brattnevet, Larsemann Hills. Associated minerals are wagnerite, xenotime-(Y), monazite-(Ce), P-bearing K-feldspar, biotite, sillimanite, quartz, and pyrite; it is commonly altered to rusty material and secondary phosphates. Grains are anhedral, subhedral, or locally euhedral with hexagonal or rhombic outlines; maximum dimensions are 1 × 0.25 mm. It is inferred to have formed at 800–860 °C, 6–7 kbar by reaction of biotite with an anatectic melt locally enriched in P by interaction with fluorapatite.

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