Abstract

A rare lithology consisting of garnet-tourmaline-sillimanite-biotite-ilmenite-quartz has been found within the granulite-facies region of south-central Massachusetts. The homogeneous, Ti-rich oxy-dravitic tourmaline, XMg = Mg/(Mg + Fe) = 0.72–0.77, falls into the alkali group, and is similar in composition to lower grade tourmaline found in corresponding metapelitic rocks in Maine. Charge-balancing calculations and binary diagrams suggest that, like biotite in the region, tourmaline has undergone deprotonation by means of the exchange vectors AlOR−1(OH)−1 and TiO2R−1(OH)−2, where R represents Fe + Mg. The restriction of a concordant tourmaline-rich horizon in otherwise tourmaline-free rocks of this granulite-facies region suggests that either: (1) B, released during prograde fluid-absent dehydration reactions of muscovite and biotite, was locally available in a fluid phase or melt for later crystallization near the peak of granulite-facies metamorphism along pathways that provided a conduit for fluid migration; or (2) that this is simply a B-rich compositional horizon (tourmalinite) that survived anatexis and granulite-facies metamorphism and that records the incipient conditions of tourmaline breakdown and subsequent recrystallization near or post-peak metamorphism.

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