Abstract

Two types of amphibole exsolution lamellae were discovered in garnet from a few garnet peridotites from the North Qaidam ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic belt, northern Tibet, NW China. The amphibole lamellae are strictly oriented in four directions corresponding to the isometric form {111} (i.e., octahedron planes) of garnet. Observations by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) show that amphibole lamellae are topotaxtially concordant with the host garnet and possess 9.8 to 10 Å lattice “c”-spacing. Electron-microprobe analysis reveals that these exsolved amphibole lamellae are high in Na and Ti. The TEM observations and recalculated compositions indicate that the oriented amphibole lamellae exsolved from original supersilicic majorites with high concentrations of Na2O (0.3 wt%) and hydroxyl (up to 1000 ppm by weight). These results imply that the host garnet peridotites were formed at depths greater than 200 km and that garnet can be an important reservoir of water at such depths in the mantle.

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