The OH-stretching modes of kaolinite group minerals, namely kaolinite, dickite, and nacrite, are investigated within the density functional theory framework. Good agreement between theoretical and experimentally derived structures is obtained. The total energy of the three polymorphs is found to be similar within 1 kJ/mol. After a review of existing experimental data, infrared and Raman spectra of the three polymorphs are computed. While interpreting the spectra, special attention is given to the role played by the macroscopic geometry of the system, explaining the differences experimentally observed between infrared and Raman spectra. In dickite and nacrite, a significant interlayer coupling is observed for the modes polarized along a direction nearly parallel to c*. The assignment of OH-stretching bands is given in a consistent way and is compared with previous suggestions.