Abstract

The equilibrium intracrystalline distribution of Mn and Mg between the M1 and M2 sites of a Mn-rich/Fe-free orthopyroxene (donpeacorite) was investigated by means of annealing experiments at temperatures between 980 and 800 °C and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The data show that Mn, as does Fe2+ in Fe-Mg orthopyroxene, preferentially orders at the M2 site. However, comparison of the distribution coefficient kD(Mn-Mg) determined in this study with kD* measured for Fe-Mg orthopyroxene shows that Mn has a much stronger preference for the M2 site relative to Fe2+. This result implies that the practice to partition Fe2+ + Mn = Fe* as one species, typically implemented to determine the quenched-site occupancies in Fe-rich/Mn-poor orthopyroxene, should be abandoned and that Mn should be considered totally ordered at M2. The partitioning method, i.e., Fe vs. Fe*, has implications for the determination of cooling rates from the observed ordering state of orthopyroxene, particularly for Fe-poor compositions (Fs < 0.16).

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