Samples from well-known rhyolitic systems in the western USA were analyzed to determine trace-element partition coefficients between sanidine and coexisting melt. Both DSr and DEu correlate positively with An concentration in sanidine. Barium, not surprisingly, shows more correlation with Or in sanidine. All three show negative correlations with whole-rock Al2O3. Partition coefficients for REE show a decreasing trend with strong positive DEu. DLREE correlate negatively with the whole-rock Al2O3. In peraluminous rocks, Al2O3 in magma seems to exert a major influence on partition coefficients of trace elements. With increasing Al2O3 concentration, the melt composition becomes increasingly similar to that of feldspar. Incompatible trace elements (Rb, Y, Nb, and Zr) in sanidine show positive trends whereas compatible trace elements (Sr, Eu, and Ba) show negative correlations when plotted against whole-rock Al2O3. LREEs, which are expected to substitute for Ca in the sanidine structure, behave like Sr and Eu. Because trace-element partitioning is influenced by both crystal and magma compositions, multiple regression analysis has been used to predict trace-element partition coefficients. The equations will assist workers in the selection of partition coefficients used in petrogenetic models of silicic systems.