Abstract

Infrared reflectance, thin-film absorbance, and polarized Raman spectra were acquired from ~100 to ~4000 cm−1 from polycrystalline garnets along the pyrope (Py = Mg3Al2Si3O12)-majorite [Mj = Mg3(MgSi)Si3O12 ] join. We measured Py100, Mj39, Mj45, Mj80, and natural single-crystal, nearly end-member pyrope. Consistency is obtained between measured absorption spectra and absorption coefficients calculated through Kramers-Kronig analysis of reflectivity (R) data, if R-values are scaled to account for losses through scattering. The widths of the lattice modes double from each end-member toward the middle of the binary, whereas frequencies are nearly independent of composition. Strong polarization of Raman peaks of all our samples except pyrope shows that the space group is reduced from cubic, even for the Al-rich majorites. The largest number of IR or Raman peaks is observed for Mj80. The number of peaks for Al-rich majorites lies between those seen for cubic pyrope and I41/a majorite. The behavior of symmetry-breaking modes supports the I41/acd space group, which was inferred from X-ray data for Mj contents near 30 to 45% (Nakatsuka et al. 1999a). Also, the internal mode types that are expected for isolated SiO4 tetrahedra in any garnet-like structure do not fully describe the patterns of peaks seen for some intermediate compositions along the Py-Mj join. The appearance of Sioct-O-Sitet bending modes in the available spectral data for Mj contents near 30–40 and 80–90%, but not near 45–50%, is attributed to two-mode behavior. Specifically, disruption of the structural chain -Sioct-O-Sitet-O-Sioct-O-Sitet-in Si-rich majorites by units such as graphic alters the electrostatic balance so that the internal modes are not entirely described by motions of isolated SiO4 tetrahedra. Short chains are formed at both high and low Al contents, promoting coupling of Si octahedral and tetrahedral vibrations. Near Mj50, each tetrahedron is linked (on average) to four octahedra containing two Al-, one Si-, and one Mg, and the Sioct-O-Sitet bending modes disappear. Order-disorder in majorite garnets is characterized not only by increased peak widths, but also by the presence of modes due to the bridging O atoms, whereas splittings and the appearance of new peaks indicate the space group for non-cubic garnets.

You do not currently have access to this article.