Abstract

A Landau potential with linear-quadratic coupling has been developed to describe interactions between a non-convergent order parameter, QOD, for Fe/Mg ordering, and the order parameter, QD, for the C2/c-P21/c phase transition in pigeonite. Spontaneous strain relationships, and expressions for the effect of ordering on the transition temperature derived from this expansion, have been tested by single crystal X-ray diffraction methods. Lattice parameters collected from a natural pigeonite crystal with composition En47Fs44Wo9, in situ at temperatures up to 1050 °C, reveal that increasing QOD could act to suppress QD by a mechanism which includes overlapping and opposing strain fields. In a second experiment, the intensities of superlattice reflections (h + k = 2n + 1) were followed in situ at temperatures up to 500 °C. The crystal was heated ex situ successively at 700, 750, 800, and 850 °C between repeated in situ measurements in order to produce changes in the degree of cation order. The resulting data sets, giving the temperature dependence of QD2 for different fixed values of QOD, are consistent with the initial Landau model. In particular, they show a strong and linear dependence of transition temperature on QOD. The fourth order coefficient of the expansion describing the phase transition is perhaps also renormalized by changes in QOD. It is suggested that the influence of QOD on the phase transition could be greater than the influence of the phase transition on the equilibrium variation of QOD.

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