A thermodynamic model has been developed and calibrated for monoclinic and orthorhombic amphiboles compositionally contained within the Ca-Mg-Fe2+ amphibole quadrilateral. The model incorporates the energetic consequences of cation ordering of Fe2+ and Mg over nonequivalent sites in the crystal structure, and accounts for the temperature, pressure, and compositional dependence of the orthorhombic-monoclinic phase transition. Calibration is based on previously published work on the thermodynamic properties of Fe2+-Mg amphiboles and tremolite, and experimental cation-ordering data, along with solvus width and tieline orientations of natural coexisting amphiboles in the quadrilateral.
Among derived parameters is the enthalpy of formation of end-member ferroactinolite (–10534.966 kJ/mol). A calculated FeMg–1 isopotential solvus at mid-composition in the quadrangle agrees well with a revised calibration of experimental data from Cameron (1975). The solvus is not strongly asymmetric and narrows with increasing Fe/Mg ratio and temperature. Phase relations along the Mg and Fe sides of the quadrilateral are compared and contrasted. Cummingtonite-anthophyllite phase relations are shown in the T-XFe plane, with and without coexisting calcic amphibole. The breakdown reactions of quadrilateral amphiboles to assemblages of two pyroxenes, olivine, quartz, and H2O are depicted as functions of temperature, pressure, composition, H2O activity, and oxygen fugacity. Some highlights of their relevance to metamorphic and igneous systems are discussed.