Calc-silicate xenoliths occur as part of a xenolith and autolith swarm in the Lower Zone of the Kiglapait Intrusion, Labrador. All xenoliths are lighter-colored than the local troctolite host rock, and are surrounded by a 1–2 cm thick reaction zone of clinopyroxenite. The typical mineral assemblage in calc-silicate xenoliths is diopside + forsterite + monticellite + spinel, and one also contains åkermanite. Reaction zones are dominated by diopside and spinel. All clinopyroxene compositions are “fassaitic,” with high concentrations of Al2O3 (4–12 wt%), TiO2 (1–4 wt%), and calculated Fe2O3 (Fe3+ > Fe2+). In addition, clinopyroxene grains locally display extreme zoning in Si, Al, Ti, and XMg. Åkermanite contains up to 1.5 wt% Na2O.
Textures in the xenoliths are complex, with most containing highly irregular intergrowths of diopside, forsterite, and monticellite. Åkermanite and forsterite are separated locally by a coarse symplectic intergrowth of diopside and monticellite, which resulted from a retrograde reaction. The dominant assemblage probably represents the production of monticellite from calcite + clinopyroxene + forsterite, until calcite was consumed. These reactions require metamorphic temperatures of ~900 °C and pressures ≤ 0.4 kbar, such that the xenoliths were probably derived from the roof of the magma chamber. Whole-rock compositions reflect either substantial chemical exchange with the Kiglapait magma, or a very impure dolomitic protolith. The clinopyroxenite reaction zones were produced primarily by assimilation of carbonate by the Kiglapait magma, in combination with the effects of magma undercooling near the xenoliths.