Abstract

Different estimation methods have been combined with calorimetric data for a natural Mg-rich tourmaline and dumortierite, a structurally similar borosilicate, to estimate thermodynamic properties of five tourmaline end-members (dravite, schorl, alkali-free dravite, aluminofoitite, and ferrifoitite). The results were tested by predicting the solubility of Fe-rich tourmaline in natural, low-variance hydrothermal mineral assemblages, for which the B concentration was independently known from Laser Ablation-ICP-MS analysis of coexisting fluid inclusions. Agreement within the uncertainty of experimental and thermodynamic data supports the validity of the estimation methods that used the fictive properties of the IIIB2O3 polyhedron for calculating standard enthalpy and entropy, and reactions involving dumortierite to estimate the heat-capacity functions. This study indicates more generally that the development of new microanalytical techniques for measuring the composition of natural fluid inclusions in well-constrained mineral assemblages represents a promising approach to estimating or testing thermodynamic data for complex silicates.

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