Abstract

Ferrotitanowodginite is a new mineral of the wodginite group, which is found in and defined from two closely adjacent pegmatites in the San Luis province, Argentina, but previously encountered in the Tanco (Manitoba) and Marko's (Ontario) pegmatites. In the San Elias pegmatite, ferrotitanowodginite occurs aggregated with ferrowodginite and associated with microlite, ferrotapiolite, cleavelandite, and quartz. In La Viquita pegmatite, ferrotitanowodginite occurs in a replacement unit associated with wodginite, ferrowodginite, titanowodginit and ferrotapiolite in yellow muscovite and quartz. Ferrotitanowodginite is very dark brown to black, with a dark brown streak and submetallic luster. Mohs hardness is 5 1/2 and D calc = 7.368 g/cm 3 . In reflected light, it is creamy white and gray in air and oil, respectively; anisotropy is distinct, bireflectance and pleochroism moderate. Ferrotitanowodginite is monoclinic, space group C2/c, Z = 4. Unit-cell dimensions for San Elias' material are a = 9.403(4) Aa, b = 11.384(3) Aa, c = 5.075(1) Aa, beta = 90.55 degrees (2) V = 543.24(22) Aa 3 . The strongest lines in the X-ray powder diffraction are d = 2.963 Aa, I = 100%, (hkl = 221); d = 2.939 Aa, I = 90% (hkl = 221); d = 3.626 Aa, I = 70% (hkl = 220); and d = 1.715 Aa, I = 50% (hkl = 402). Eighteen analyses by electron microprobe gave the following mean composition: WO 3 0.02, Nb 2 O 5 6.52, Ta 2 O 5 70.68, TiO 2 7.10, SnO 2 1.25, ThO 2 0.01, UO 2 0.02, As 2 O 3 0.03, Sb 2 O 3 0.02, Bi 2 O 3 0.03, Fe 2 O 3 2.18, MgO 0.01, CaO 0.01, MnO 1.05, FeO 10.27, PbO 0.05, total 99.25 wt%. The La Viquita sample is much richer in Mn and Sn. The simplified formula for ferrotitanowodginite is: (Fe (super 2+) , Mn (super 2+) ) (Ti,Sn (super 4+) , Ta,Fe (super 3+) ) (Ta,Nb) 2 O 8 , ideally Fe (super 2+) TiTa 2 O 8 .

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