Abstract

The distribution of Sr between a 1 M (Ca,Sr) Cl 2 solution, (Ca,Sr)-tremolite and (Ca,Sr)-diopside was determined at 750 degrees C and 200 MPa. The synthesized crystals of (Ca,Sr)-tremolite (2000X30 mu m) and (Ca,Sr)-diopside (1500X20 mu m) were large enough for accurate electron microprobe analysis. The experimental results indicate that Ca (super 2+) can be replaced completely by Sr (super 2+) on the M4-site in tremolite and on the M2-site in diopside. The compositions of the product fluid were analyzed by atomic absorption spectroscopy. In both the (Ca,Sr)-tremolite-fluid and (Ca,Sr)-diopside-fluid systems, Sr strongly fractionated into the fluid. For bulk compositions having low Sr concentrations, mineral/fluid partition coefficients, D (super mineral/fluid) St , of 0.045 for (Ca,Sr)-tremolite/fluid and 0.082 for (Ca,Sr)-diopside/fluid were derived. The experimental results were evaluated thermodynamically assuming Henry's law and simple mixing properties for SrCl 2 and CaCl 2 in the fluid. The mixing energies of the solids were calculated using a regular solution model. In the (Ca,Sr)-tremolite-(Ca,Sr)Cl 2 system, Delta mu degrees is 59.0 kJ and W amphCaSr = 9.8 kJ. In the system (Ca,Sr)-diopside-(Ca,Sr)Cl 2 Delta mu degrees is 30.8 kJ and W psCaSr is 11.7 kJ. The high Delta mu degrees values and, to a much lesser extent, the W CaSr values cause the strong fractionation of Sr into the fluid. The moderate values for W amphCaSr and W pxCaSr strongly suggest that complete solid solution exists for (Ca,Sr)-tremolite and (Ca,Sr)-diopside joins, limited miscibilities were calculated below 316 and 430 degrees C, respectively. The experimentally derived thermodynamic properties were used to determine Ca/Sr ratios of Sr-rich metasomatic fluids that penetrated a metaeclogite in Bjorkedalen, southwest Norway. The derived Ca/Sr ratios from amphibole-fluid equilibria are in good agreement with those calculated from plagioclase-fluid equilibria.

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