Wuyi Wang, Eiichi Takahashi; Subsolidus and melting experiments of a K-rich basaltic composition to 27 GPa; implication for the behavior of potassium in the mantle. American Mineralogist ; 84 (3): 357–361. doi: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-1999-0319
Subsolidus and melting experiments of a K-rich basaltic composition have been performed to 27 GPa. Pyroxene and majoritic garnet contain significant amounts of K 2 O (1-2 wt%) at 6-12.5 GPa and above 22.5 GPa, respectively. Both pyroxene and garnet may act as main reservoirs for K in the mantle. Sanidine (KAlSi 3 O 8 ) or its polymorph potassium hollandite is the first phase to be melted up to 20 GPa, but potassium hollandite becomes a liquidus phase at P> or =22.5 GPa. In contrast to its typical incompatible behavior at low pressures, potassium is a compatible element in the deep mantle, at least in basaltic systems. This compatible behavior implies that a K-rich melt like kimberlite is difficult to generate at lower mantle conditions.