The real structures of clinotobermorite, tobermorite 9 Aa, and tobermorite 11 Aa were determined through the application of OD approach, which allowed us to explain their peculiar disorder and polytypic features and to derive the main polytypes for each of them. The structural arrangements will be described and discussed for one polytype of each compound: clinotobermorite, triclinic polytype C1, a = 11.274, b = 7.344, c = 11.468 Aa, alpha = 99.18 degrees , beta = 97.19 degrees , gamma = 90.03 degrees ; tobermorite 9 Aa, triclinic polytype C1, a = 11.156, b = 7.303, c = 9.566 Aa, alpha = 101.08 degrees , beta = 92.83 degrees , gamma = 89.98 degrees ; tobermorite 11 Aa, monoclinic polytype B11m, a = 6.735, b = 7.385, c = 22.487 Aa, gamma = 123.25 degrees . Common structural features are infinite layers, parallel to (001), formed by sevenfold-coordinated calcium polyhedra. Tetrahedral double chains, built up through condensation of "Dreiereinfachketten" of wollastonite-type and running along b, link together adjacent calcium layers in clinotobermorite and tobermorite 11 Aa, whereas single tetrahedral chains connect adjacent calcium layers in tobermorite 9 Aa. The relatively wide channels of clinotobermorite and tobermorite 11 Aa host "zeolitic" calcium cations and water molecules. The present structural results now allow for a sound discussion of the crystal chemical relationships between the various members of the tobermorite group and an explanation of the peculiar thermal behavior of tobermorite 11 Aa.

First Page Preview

First page PDF preview
You do not currently have access to this article.