Single-crystal X-ray diffraction was performed in situ at T = 20, 230, 465, and 700 degrees C on a partially ordered lead feldspar (PbAl 2 Si 2 O 8 , I2/c, a = 8.402, b = 13.043, c = 14.308 Aa, beta = 115.30 degrees , V = 1417.6 Aa 3 ; Q od = 0.71). The unit-cell expansion (1.26X10 (super -5) degrees 1 ) is close to that observed for other feldspars, sanidine in particular, and occurs predominantly along a (super *) . The electron-density at the Pb site evolves with temperature toward a bean-like configuration close to that observed in disordered lead feldspar. The average Pb position approaches the c-glide plane with increasing temperature. Consequently the intensity of the b-type reflections reduces dramatically without evidence of an increase of Al-Si disorder. The evolution of atomic displacement parameters of the Pb atom with temperature supports the view that at room temperature Pb shows considerable positional disorder. Dark-field in situ TEM observations show that b antiphase domains (APD) persist unchanged in shape and size up to T = 690 degrees C. No diffuse component appears in b-type reflections in SAD patterns up to 935 degrees C, showing that the above changes in the Pb configuration do not affect the APD. The results suggest that, at T>700 degrees C, Pb reaches the glide plane assuming a configuration that may favor the Al-Si disorder.
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Research Article| February 01, 1999
High-temperature in situ structural investigation on lead feldspar
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Piera Benna, Mario Tribaudino, Emiliano Bruno; High-temperature in situ structural investigation on lead feldspar. American Mineralogist ; 84 (1-2): 120–129. doi: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-1999-1-213
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