Abstract

Two analcimes of hydrothermal and diagenetic origin were investigated by in situ 29 Si, 27 Al, and 23 Na NMR from room temperature to 550 degrees C, and by TGA and DSC. The two samples dehydrate at different temperatures, and the high-temperature NMR behavior is closely related to the dehydration. The diagenetic analcime (CR-6) has higher surface area, and thus its dehydration starts and is completed at lower temperatures than the hydrothermal analcime (Hilaire). The 29 Si chemical shifts and 27 Al peak maxima become first more shielded and then less shielded with increasing temperature and are related to changes in the Si-O-Si and Si-O-Al bond angles caused by thermal expansion, distortion of framework due to H 2 O loss at high temperature, and the decreased bond length caused by rigid unit modes (RUMs). Changes in the 27 Al NMR peak widths are also correlated to H 2 O loss at high temperature and are due to the increased mobilities of H 2 O and Na. Paramagnetic impurities and motion of H 2 O and Na play important roles in the T 1 relaxation of 27 Al. The 23 Na NMR peak maxima become first more negative and then less negative with increasing temperature, with the most negative values occurring near the temperature of maximum H 2 O loss. The 23 Na peak width decreases, increases, and then again decreases with increasing temperature. These results are best interpreted as due to Na undergoing exchange between the 24(c) Na sites and other sites, possibly the 16(b) H 2 O sites, combined with collapse of the cages. The less negative 23 Na peak and increasing and then decreasing 23 Na peak widths at high temperature are due to the effects of motional averaging of the intensity due to the (+ or -1/2, 3/2) satellite transitions.

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