Abstract

We performed 27 viscosity determinations on dry and water-bearing peraluminous haplogranitic melts. The dry melt compositions cover the range of normative corundum to be expected in peraluminous granitic melts in nature. The compositions are based on addition of Al 2 O 3 to a haplogranitic melt (HPG8) whose composition is near that of the projection of the 2 kbar H 2 O-saturated minimum melt composition into the system NaAlSi 3 O 8 -KAlSi 3 O 8 -SiO 2 . The H 2 O contents of the hydrous melts were analyzed using Karl Fischer titration ranging from 1 to 3 wt%. The viscosity determinations were performed using a modified micropenetration method in the viscosity range of 10 10 to 10 11 Pa-s, at 1 atm pressure, and in the temperature ranges of 880-940 degrees C and 470-640 degrees C for the dry and wet melts, respectively. For the dry peraluminous melts in this high viscosity range, addition of the first few percent of normative corundum to a metaluminous granitic melt increases the viscosity, which remains nearly constant despite further addition of Al 2 O 3 . Thus a viscosity maximum is inferred for dry slightly peraluminous granitic melts. The hydrous melt viscosity data were compared with the recent calculational model of Hess and Dingwell (1996), which was based on and designed for metaluminous melt viscosities. That model is capable of describing the viscosities of hydrous peraluminous granitic melts within the uncertainties stated for its application in metaluminous melts.

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