Abstract

Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were carried out on molten CaAl 2 Si 2 O 8 at nine pressures from 0.2 to 76 GPa at 4000 K, well above the computed glass transition temperature. A simple effective pair-potential with both Coulombic interaction and Born-Mayer-Huggins short-range repulsion was used. Simulations of duration 30 ps long were performed in the microcanonical ensemble (NEV) utilizing 1300 particles (O+Ca+Si+Al). As pressure increases, profound changes occur in the relative abundance of (super [4]) T, (super [5]) T, (super [6]) T, (super [7]) T, and (super [8]) T (T = Si,Al) as well as in the coordination of Ca by O. At low pressure, most T are in fourfold coordination with oxygen, oxygen is twofold coordinated to T, and Ca has six to seven nearest O atom neighbors. At 5 GPa, where (super [5]) T maximizes, more than half of the T atoms are pentahedrally coordinated ( (super [5]) T) in distorted trigonal bipyramids. Both (super [4]) T (25%) and (super [6]) T (18%) are present at 5 GPa and change rapidly as pressure increases ( (super [14]) T decreases and (super [6]) T increases). At 5 GPa, the average coordination number (CN) of oxygen about Ca is 8. At 20 GPa, (super 6]) T constitutes more than 50% of the TO n subunit population and the CN of oxygen around Ca is 10. At medium range (3 to 10 Aa), the most significant change in melt structure as pressure increases is replacement of corner-sharing-ring-former TO n polyhedra with edge-sharing polyhedra pairs such as TO 5 -TO 6 and TO 6 -TO 6 . The destruction of the ring structure correlates with the maximization of Ar solubility as pressure increases. Ring structure collapse is geometrically captured by variation in the distribution of T-O-T angles with increasing pressure. The low-pressure maximum at 140 degrees with large variance agrees with X-ray data and follows from the distribution of N-member rings with N ranging from 4 to 8 (or larger). At higher pressure, the T-O-T distribution narrows and shifts toward smaller angles around 105 degrees consistent with the dominating presence of edge sharing between TO 6 -TO 6 and TO 5 -TO 6 pairs. Tracer diffusivities for O, Ca, Al, and Si increase at low pressure as pressure increases. The diffusivity of oxygen correlates with ring collapse and attains a maximum at 5 GPa (Dox = 6.6X10 (super -9) m 2 /s); the ratio of diffusivities for Ca, Al, and Si relative to oxygen are 0.67, 0.62, and 0.51, respectively. These data suggest that pentahedrally coordinated T acts as an "activated complex" for oxygen diffusion. Below 5 GPa, activation volumes (V*) for all species are large in absolute value and lie in the range -25 to -35 cm 3 /mol; these are similar in absolute value to the partial molar volume of Ar in molten CaAl 2 Si 2 O 8 of 22 cm 3 /mol. The large absolute values for V a at low pressure correlate with the contribution to the isothermal compressibility made by configurational effects inferred from Brillouin scattering experiments. At higher pressure, the anomalous diffusion disappears. V a decreases for all species in absolute value and changes sign; at 20 GPa, V a is about +3 cm 3 /mol. much smaller than the partial molar volume of Ar in molten anorthite.

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