Abstract

The effect of water (= H 2 O+OH) on the environment of Co (super 2+) and Ni (super 2+) in albite glass was investigated by electronic absorption spectroscopy. The visible spectra of Co (super 2+) -doped glasses change only slightly over the range of water concentrations studied. Co (super 2+) is in a distorted tetrahedral environment, producing a dark blue color in the glasses. Up to about 5 wt% water, Ni (super 2+) -doped glasses are brown and only minor variations in the spectra are seen. At 5.6 wt% water, however, the color of these glasses changes abruptly from brown to light green and a new type of absorption spectrum is observed. Three bands are observed in the visible spectra of the brown glasses. Two bands near 20 500 cm (super -1) can be assigned to Ni (super 2+) in a distorted octahedral environment. A third band at 15 500 cm (super -1) could either be due to the distorted octahedral site or to a small amount of tetrahedrally coordinated Ni (super 2+) . The spectra of the green glasses with 5.6 and 5.7 wt% H 2 O resemble closely spectra of aqueous NiCl 2 -solution containing the [Ni(H 2 O) 6 ] (super 2+) complex. The formation of such a hydration shell around transition metals in hydrous silicate melts should strongly effect partitioning of these elements between silicate melts, minerals, and a metal phase. Consideration of ligand field stabilization energies, suggests that hydrated Ni (super 2+) is stabilized in the melt such that mineral-melt and metal-silicate melt partition coefficients decrease by one to two orders of magnitude relative to a dry melt at 1100 degrees C.

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