Abstract

We have calibrated the IR spectroscopic technique for measurement of H 2 O dissolved in phonolitic glasses as hydroxyl and H 2 O molecules using manometric and weight-loss methods. The resulting molar absorptivity coefficients are 1.25 (super +0.33) (sub -0.22) (for absorbance due to OH- at 4500 cm (super -1) ) and 1.10 (super +0.12) (sub -0.10) (for absorbance due to molecular H 2 O at 5200 cm (super -1) ). These values are similar to those previously determined for hydrous jadeitic glasses. We have applied our calibration to a new set of solubility experiments in which H 2 O and a natural phonolitic glass were equilibrated at near-liquidus temperatures (85-973 degrees C) and pressures of 191-1500 bars for periods of 38-272 h. We used a regular solution model to develop an equation of state for the solubility of H 2 O in phonolitic melts. Our experimental results demonstrate that H 2 O solubility is appreciably higher in phonolitic melts compared with basaltic and rhyolitic melts at the same pressures and near-liquidus temperatures; e.g., the solubility of H 2 O at 1000 bars is 4.9 wt% in phonolitic melt (850 degrees C), 4 wt% in rhyolitic (850 degrees C), and 3.2 wt% in basaltic (1200 degrees C) melts. The calculated partial molar volume of dissolved H 2 O in phonolitic melt (8.5+ or -2.5 cm 3 /mol) falls between that determined by similar methods for rhyolitic and basaltic melts, but we note that the significance of this number is unknown because speciation changes during quenching are not sufficiently well characterized.

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