Abstract

Wadsleyite [beta -(Mg,Fe) 2 SiO 4 ] is known to accept variable amounts of H and may be an important reservoir of H in the transition zone of the mantle. The crystal structure of Fo (sub 94.6) hydrous wadsleyite (Mg (sub 1.730) Fe (sub 0.098) Al (sub 0.008) Si (sub 0.991) H (sub 0.355) O 4 ) synthesized at 1400 degrees C and 17 GPa was refined in space group I2/m from 1784 measured intensities of which 830 were unique, and, of these, 650 were of intensity greater than 4sigma . Unit cell parameters are a = 5.6715(7), b = 11.582(2), c = 8.258(1) Aa, and beta = 90.397(9) degrees . The final R(F) for all reflections was 0.026 (R w = 0.024); goodness of fit was 1.68. An H position was located on the nonsilicate O atom (O1). Partial occupancy of a normally vacant tetrahedral site adjacent to M3 was observed. This is postulated to be the result of Si moving from M3 to the adjacent tetrahedral void on decompression. Deviation from orthorhombic symmetry appears to result from ordering of H, (Mg, Fe), and possibly Si, within the two nonequivalent M3 sites.

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