The stability of CO2 fluid in the Earth’s mantle is restricted by the carbonation of rock-forming minerals. Among those, the reaction with garnet is of particular interest because it constrains the stability of CO2 fluid in eclogites, whose minerals have been found in the CO2-bearing diamonds. In this work, we determined the equilibrium boundary for the reaction Mg3Al2Si3O12 (Prp) + 3CO2 (fluid) = Al2SiO5 (Ky) + 2SiO2 (Coe/Qz) + 3MgCO3 (Mgs) over the pressure interval 3–6 GPa using a multi-anvil press. Owing to the slow kinetics, the reaction was studied in both forward (left to right) and reverse (right to left) directions in experiments with durations extending up to 260 h. Our newly determined boundary is situated 3 GPa/950 ± 50 °C, 4.5 GPa/1150 °C, and 6 GPa/1350 ± 50 °C and has the equation P(GPa) = 0.0075 × T (°C) – 4.125. The boundary crosses the graphite-to-diamond transition curve near 4.7 GPa and 1180 °C. Thus, the assemblage garnet + CO2 fluid is stable in the diamond (Dia) stability field under P-T conditions of the continental geotherm with a heat flow of 41 mW/m2.

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