The acoustic velocities of three series of alkali-rich hydrous silicate glasses were determined at ambient conditions using ultrasonic interferometry. The sound velocities and calculated elastic properties are nearly linear functions of dissolved water content. The water content derivatives of both compressional [d(VP)/d(XH2O)] and shear wave velocity [d(VS)/d(XH2O)] decrease with increasing Na2O content, which suggests that increasing sodium content might weaken the effect of water on acoustic velocities. For each glass series, the shear modulus decreases with increasing water content, whereas the adiabatic bulk modulus (KS) varies little with water content. By comparing our results of KS to previously published data on hydrous alkalic (rhyolite, phonolite, and trachyte) glasses, we speculate that H2O may have a negligible effect on the compressibility of alkalic glasses/melts. The measured densities of each series of glasses were converted to molar volumes and extrapolated to the hypothetical pure water component to derive the partial molar volume of water (VH2O). The resulting VH2O at room pressure and temperature was found to be independent of composition for the three series of glasses, with a value of 10.4 ± 0.5 cm3/mol, whereas the partial molar bulk modulus (KS) of water is composition-dependent, suggesting that VH2O may depend on composition at elevated pressures. Furthermore, the Poisson’s ratio (ν) increases linearly with increasing water content for all three composition series. Therefore, the similar behavior of Al-free and Al-bearing glasses implies that water depolymerizes melts in both systems. The decrease of water content derivative of the Poisson’s ratio [d(ν)/d(XH2O)] with increasing Al/(Al+Si) indicates that water interaction with Al-O bonds to produce Al-OH depolymerizes peralkaline silicate melts less effectively than with Si-O bonds to form Si-OH. Hence, we speculate that water prefers to interact with Si-O bonds rather than Al-O bonds in peralkaline silicate systems. The dissolution mechanisms of water between peraluminous and peralkaline melts might be different, which merits further research.

You do not have access to this content, please speak to your institutional administrator if you feel you should have access.